Shampoo is a word which is not taken that seriously when it comes to dermatology. People generally consult and keep using shampoos recommended by their respective salon person or their friends.
Consults often neglect the importance of shampoo in a day to day basis except any dermatological conditions and concentrate on supplementing with biotin and other supplements.
Define Your Scalp Type
Before you choose shampoo, it’s important to know what shampoo does, how to use it, and how that relates to your hair and scalp type.
Shampoo is meant to clean your hair and scalp of dirt, oil, and styling products. While you might think of shampoo strictly as a hair-cleansing agent, it’s actually more important to consider your scalp when choosing a shampoo.
Dr Pallavi Kashyap says “The basic trick behind buying a shampoo that it should not have a mix of natural and chemical products together. This can play havoc with the scalp and the hair texture. Shampoos having labels such as anti-dandruff prove very harsh to the scalp and cause much dryness. For any dermatological condition an expert’s advice becomes mandatory.”
Here are some Mythbusters:
- Oiling hair with any kind of oil has no benefit over hair growth or lustre.
- Shampooing daily does not damage hair growth or reduces hair life cycle.
- Repeated tonsure cannot lead to better hair growth.
Dry Scalp – Itchiness and Flakiness Be Damned
When your scalp is dry, itchy, or flaky, choosing the right shampoo can be your first line of defense against the uncomfortable, sometimes embarrassing conditions that can occur. It’s important to choose a shampoo that doesn’t add to the issue when you have a dry scalp. Try these tips:
- Avoid strengthening, fortifying, and volumizing shampoos. These products can strip your scalp of necessary moisture.
- For scalps that are only slightly dry with little to no itching or flaking, look for shampoo labels that promote moisture, hydration, smoothing, or curls. These products promote moisture retention and can be beneficial to your dry scalp.
- If your scalp is very dry, itchy, or flaky, consider shampoos that are specifically formulated for dry scalps. Ingredients such as menthol and tea tree can help moisturize.
- Nioxin shampoo can be an excellent investment for moderate to severe dry-scalp concerns.
- Avoid shampoos that contain sulfates, which are very drying to the hair and scalp.
- Even when your scalp is dry, it’s important to properly shampoo your hair for best results.
2. Oily Scalp – Curse Those Overactive Glands
If your scalp tends to be oily or greasy, you’ve likely been through dozens of shampoos with little luck. You’ve tried everything from washing daily (even twice daily) to putting days between shampoos in an effort to control that embarrassing excess oil and sebum production. Here’s what to look for and what to avoid when choosing a shampoo for an oily scalp:
- Avoid shampoos that are hydrating, moisturizing, smoothing, or good for curly hair. These tend to add too much moisture to your already oily scalp.
- Look for labels that mention volumizing, strengthening, or balancing. These products are less moisturizing and more effective at removing excess oil.
- A daily clarifying shampoo can be a big help for super-oily scalp conditions, but be careful that you’re not overdrying your scalp. Overdrying can actually stimulate more oil and sebum production.
- Try a super-clarifying treatment when your oily scalp is really out of control.
- Spend extra time working the shampoo into your scalp to break up oil, and rinse your scalp very well.
- After shampooing, avoid working your conditioner into your scalp. Rather, concentrate on the mid-shaft and ends of your hair. Rinse well.
Combination Scalp – It’s Confusing, Yes
This can commonly occur with long hair when your scalp is oily and gets flaky but your ends are dry. Your roots get greasy and limp easily, while the ends of your hair remain dry and rough.
What You Need: You need to use a combination of products – a shampoo designed for your oily scalp and a nourishing conditioner for those damaged ends. Make sure to work your shampoo into your scalp only and not the rest of your hair and use your conditioner on your ends and not near the top of your head.
In case of abnormal and excessive hair fall: Consult a dermatologist as it may involve hormonal imbalance and other pathological conditions which have to be taken under consideration.